Lochen Country offer a range of Deer Management services ranging from general advice to high seat construction/installation and management of deer numbers.
Management of deer is also an important aspect of work in the countryside. Deer are an accepted and often welcome part of UK biodiversity but mature deer have no natural predators and, as a result, deer populations continue to increase and extend there range causing damage to wild plants, forestry and crops.
We specialise in all aspects of wild and park deer management, including:
o General advice on the management of all six species of wild deer found in the UK.
o Deer impact assessment in commercial forestry and native woodlands.
o Production of Deer Management Plans for Forestry Commission grant applications.
o Management of park herds.
o A discreet and professional service
At Lochen we have been managing deer for more than 20 years for conservation bodies and Estates of all sizes. We understand that it needs to be done discreetly, professionally and with minimal impact to the Estate, or to visitors, members of the public and Estate workers. We take our obligations seriously and would be happy to talk to you confidentially.
Deer fencing can be used to protect young trees, crops or gardens. They protect wildlife habitats, as well as trees, from heavy browsing and grazing by deer. In upland areas fences can sometimes be a danger to grouse, which fly into them. Local advice should be sought. Fences must be higher than for stock or rabbits, and with a mesh size sufficiently small to stop them jumping through. As muntjac will always try to push under fence netting should be lapped 150 mm on the ground and pegged or turfed as for rabbit fencing. Line-wire fences are not deer-proof.
Deer can jump over the standard agricultural stock mesh fence topped with one or more plain or barbed line wires (fly wires), but occasionally they may drop a hind leg which becomes entangled. Fallow and roe deer appear particularly prone to this during late spring when heavily pregnant does attempt to return to their woodland shelter after feeding on fields. This problem can be avoided on new fences by using a wider mesh where the additional height is required. On existing fences the fly wires should be removed and a top rail added at regular deer crossing places or ‘hot spots’. The use of barbed wire on woodland boundary fences should be avoided where deer are present. Permanent fencing is recommended where protection is required for 10-15 years. In woodland areas of less than about 2-3 hectares individual guards or tree shelters are cheaper, but these will not protect ground flora and shrubby vegetation. The larger the fenced area the more difficult it will be to ensure that no deer, particularly roe or muntjac, are fenced in. The maximum individual area of woodland fenced should be no more than 10-15 ha.Whole woods should not be fenced. New lightweight materials including high tensile plastic netting, recycled plastic posts and metal box strainers and intermediate posts have reduced the costs of fencing and are also suitable for use as temporary and reusable fences. New coppice shoots should be beyond browse height in 3 years in lowland woods.
These are commonly used for stock fencing by farmers but are much less effective against deer. Roe, fallow and muntjac are generally undeterred by them. Although they may provide short-term protection they need regular checking making low cost, temporary mesh fencing a better alternative.
Plastic netting tree guards and tree shelters
These protect young trees against deer, rabbits and hares but plastic spiral guards are ineffective against deer. It is essential to use a strong stake and the correct height for the largest deer species present: 1.8 m for red, fallow and sika; 1.2m for roe, muntjac and chinese water deer. Guards give longer protection against fraying than most tree shelters.